Mr Ibrahim Mohamed El Moghrabi

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Mr Ibrahim Mohamed El Moghrabi


Mr Ibrahim Mohamed El-Moghrabi (1913-1993), DKSM, D Chir., D Orth., FRCS, FICS, PhD (Hon) had his secondary education at Gordon’s Memorial College, Khartoum, and joined Kitchener School of Medicine and qualified at the age of 21 in 1935. He was top of his class throughout his school career and won the Anatomy and Physiology prizes in 1932. He passed his final examinations with distinction and won the Waterfield prize in Surgery and the school prize in Medicine.

He joined the Sudan Medical Service (SMS) and after finishing his house jobs at Khartoum Civil Hospital, he was posted to several districts of Sudan. As a Medical Inspector in Wadi Halfa, he conducted the Gambia Mosquito Campaign and fought a Typhus epidemic.

In 1939, Mr Moghrabi was chosen as the first Sudanese Surgical Registrar and was trained by the late Mr. T.S. Mayne.28 In 1946-1949, he left to Egypt on his own and attended postgraduate courses in Kasr El Aini Medical School, King Fouad 1 University, Cairo. He obtained a Diploma in General Surgery and a Diploma in Orthopaedic Surgery. He then trained at his own expense in UK for the Surgical Fellowship at Guy’s, St. Mark’s, the National Orthopaedic and the Marsden Hospitals, and the Institute of Urology, London.

In 1952, he became the first Sudanese and the first graduate of KSM to obtain the English Fellowship. He took part in research projects on Metabolic Response to Trauma, and Fluid Balance in Prostatectomy Patients at the Royal Infirmary, Liverpool, under Professor Charles Wells. On return to Sudan in 1953, he was posted to Wad Medani to become the first Sudanese Consultant Surgeon to take over the Blue Nile Province from the British.

He rapidly developed the Wad Medani Hospital and made it the leading surgical centre of Sudan. Under his leadership, it gained the recognition of the Royal Colleges for training for the final Fellowship examinations. He himself gained nation-wide fame for the treatment of football injuries and was the pioneer of modern orthopaedic surgery. He wrote extensively on the surgical diseases of Sudan and became an authority in the surgery of massive Pyloro-duodenal Fibrosis (Syn. Shaigi Syndrome), Bilharziasis and Portal Hypertension in Sudan. He also conducted important research on Mycetoma (Madura foot) in collaboration with the London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. The research was supported by a grant from the MRC (UK).

In 1965, he was transferred to Khartoum as Senior Surgeon to the Ministry of Health. A post he held until his retirement in 1969. He was succeeded by Mr. Ahmed Abdel Aziz Yacoub.

Among other achievements as Senior Surgeon, he championed the cause of the Omdurman Military Hospital until it gained recognition for the final Fellowship training in general surgery and ophthalmology by the Royal College. He then devoted his time to teaching both under and post-graduate students in surgery, anatomy, and pathology. He was an examiner in anatomy, pathology and surgery for the MB Diploma and the local Masters in Surgery (MS), Khartoum University.

He was instrumental in the compilation and production of the first issue of the Sudan National Formulary. He was the President of the Sudan Association of Surgeons for two terms of office. He was a founder member and first president of the Sudan Section of the International College of Surgeons (Chicago) in 1972. He was awarded a honorary PhD from the Gezira University in 1989.

He founded El Nilein Trading Agencies for the import of pharmaceuticals and surgical instruments and equipment. He also had notable activities and contributions outside the medical field. He was the chairperson and member of the board of directors of some of the leading companies of the Sudan (The General Insurance Company, Sudan Plastics, the Nile Cement Company, National Footwear etc).


Written by Professor Ahmad Al Safi MB BS, DA FFARCS, FRCA

Index of Sudanese Doctors[edit]