Mr Abdel Hamid Bayoumi

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Mr Abdel Hamid Bayoumi

Mr. Abdel Hamid Mohamed Saeed Sayid Bayoumi (13 March 1911- 24 January 2004) is rightly the father of surgery in Sudan.25 Dr Bayoumi was born in Merawi on 13 March 1911. He completed his elementary schooling in Merawi and secondary school in Khartoum before joining Kitchner School of Medicine (KSM) in 1934. After graduation, he worked in Omdurman, Khartoum North, Port Sudan, and Torit, in which he spent 5 years during which he learnt the Baria language. He then worked in Abu Usher and Wau to land in 1945 in Khartoum as Surgical Registrar with Mr. Bartholomew the Senior Surgeon.26

In 1947, he was sent for postgraduate studies in the UK where he spent two years in Edinburgh after which he acquired the FRCSE, and later the FRCS Glasgow. He returned to Sudan in 1949 to take up the Omdurman surgeon post vacated by Mr. Bartholomew. In 1953, he was promoted to senior Surgeon and lecturer in surgery in MOH in place of Mr. Bartholomew, thus becoming the first Sudanese Senior Surgeon. Mr. Bayoumi worked as surgeon in MOH for 30 continuous years (1935-1965) before he retired. In 1984, he was made Professor in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, and worked in that capacity until 1999. During that period, he made substantial contributions to the teaching of anatomy and expanded the department considerably.

All the Sudanese doctors who graduated from KSM since 1928 performed surgery as general practitioners using chloroform and ether for anaesthesia and spinal blocks. Professor Abdel Aal Abdalla Osman in an excellent article entitled “Milestones in the History of Surgical Practice in the Sudan’ documented the first cases of surgery performed by Sudanese doctors. He said: “It is of interest to note that the first Sudanese graduate to perform a planned non-barber surgical operation in Khartoum Civil Hospital was Ali Bedri. According to KCH Operations Registry, it was an excision of madura in a fourteen-year-old patient named Ali Khidir done under chloroform on the third of May 1928.” 27

Mr. Bayoumi’s repertoire of surgical operations was limitless. He would start his list with tonsillectomy, followed by thyroidectomy or cholecystectomy, then LSCS and ending the list with setting bones. He used to give his own anaesthetics with the help of the theatre attendants. Mr. Bayoumi laid down the foundation of Sudanese surgery. He helped several surgeons to train, and endorsed the budding of orthopaedic surgery as a separate discipline.


Written by Professor Ahmad Al Safi MB BS, DA FFARCS, FRCA


Index of Sudanese Doctors[edit]